Attention: 4 Corner Resources is being used in a phishing scam. Read more about how to protect yourself.

Paleontologist Job Descriptions, Average Salary, Interview Questions

What Does a Paleontologist Do?

Paleontologists study the history of life on Earth by studying fossils. Their work may be conducted in museums, universities, or research institutions. By combining their expertise in biology, geology, and chemistry, paleontologists interpret fossils’ physical characteristics and gain insight into how species evolved and the environments in which they lived.

Typically, paleontologists spend considerable time collecting and analyzing fossils in the field and then conducting research and analyzing data in laboratories and offices. In museums and research institutions, they may also supervise and manage fossil collections, ensuring that these rare specimens are properly stored, cataloged, and made available for study. Successful paleontologists possess excellent analytical and critical thinking skills as well as a passion for studying life on our planet.

Are you a job seeker?

Browse zengig’s
comprehensive list
of job openings
and apply online

National Average Salary

Paleontologist salaries vary by experience, industry, organization size, and geography. To explore salary ranges by local market, please visit our sister site

The average U.S. salary for a Paleontologist is:


Paleontologist Job Descriptions

Crafting the perfect job description may be the key to finding an exceptional paleontologist. To help you with your recruiting search, our team has put together some examples from past openings.

Example 1


The Paleontologist is responsible for assisting Senior Paleontologists, Principal Investigators, Internal Project Managers, Project Coordinators, and Executive Staff with ensuring scientific quality and client satisfaction with paleontological resource projects.

The scope of responsibilities includes assisting with proposals and budgets, training staff paleontologists, oversight of field work as assigned, data management, QA/QC of data and laboratory work, identification and pre-curation of fossil collections, assistance with preparation of deliverables as assigned, delivery of fossil collections, and project management support as assigned. Leading field surveys and some construction monitoring is also required.

Key responsibilities

  • Supervising and implementing survey, monitoring, and salvage procedures. Leading field surveys and some construction monitoring is required.
  • Working with our Project Coordinators to meet field schedule deadlines and staffing requirements.
  • Training and field supervision of staff paleontologists. This includes training on data collection, data management, fossil collection, and adherence to best practices in mitigation paleontology. Must be proficient with data collection technologies and field techniques in paleontology including stratigraphic documentation of project sites and fossil localities therein.
  • Performing QA and QC of field data.
  • Preparing client required daily, weekly, monthly, and annual reports.
  • Assisting with proposal scopes of works and budgets as assigned. This may include some communication with clients and agencies during scoping.
  • Working with the Principal Investigators, Senior Paleontologists, and Internal Project Managers to prepare deliverables or portions thereof as assigned. This includes paleontological technical reports, CEQA/NEPA documents, impact mitigation plans, worker environmental awareness programs, and annual permit reports.
  • Performing existing data analyses including museum and agency record searches, geologic map reviews, and literature-based research.
  • Implementing resource impact mitigation measures using appropriate fossil specimen collection and data recovery techniques.
  • Assisting with the designated timesheet reviewer and the Internal Project Manager to ensure that hours are correctly reported and billed.
  • Managing small projects or portions of projects as assigned.
  • Implementing, enforcing, and documenting ABC Company’s safety standards for self and crew.
  • Identifying a wide range of fossils to a basic taxonomic level, and a low taxonomic level depending upon specific technical expertise.
  • Maintaining a working knowledge of curation procedures for facilities that we work with.
  • Participating in scientific outreach as assigned.
  • Adhering to ethical business practices, professional standards, laws and regulations, and best practices in mitigation paleontology.

Capabilities and credentials

  • Demonstrated professional experience and competency with paleontological resource mitigation procedures and techniques, including a working knowledge of best practices in mitigation paleontology.
  • Knowledge of how paleontological resources and their associated data are used in conducting and publishing professional paleontological research.
  • Basic level understanding of federal, state, and local laws, regulations, policies, and procedural guidelines that apply to paleontological resources.
  • Must be detail-oriented and be a motivated team member possessing good written and verbal communication skills and committed to professional excellence.
  • Data management, fossil preparation, and museum curation experience.
  • Ability to work independently and as an integral part of a team.
  • Proficiency with Microsoft Office and experience with database software, and general competency with technology.
  • Must have a good driving record and valid driver’s license.

Education and experience

  • A Master’s degree or PhD in paleontology and sedimentary geology with a minimum 1 – 2 years of professional experience or a Bachelor of Science degree with 5 years of professional experience.
  • Must have prior paleontological and geological field experience working in North America.
  • Must have the experience necessary to be approved as a Field Monitor on a BLM Paleontological Resource Use Permit.

Example 2

ABC Company is seeking a Lead Paleontologist to oversee paleontological technical studies and related project permitting documents for public and private sector clients on a flex basis. The individual would report to our Senior Cultural Resources Group Manager located (city, state) office. The position is largely remote but may require travel to other offices, primarily in the Los Angeles area.

Key responsibilities

  • Conduct paleontological record searches, surveys, fossil salvage/data recovery, laboratory and analysis, curation preparation and submittal, and technical reports.
  • Prepare and implement paleontological monitoring and/or data recovery programs
  • Work closely with other archaeologists, biologists, and environmental planners.
  • Provides technical guidance to less experienced staff.
  • Provide enthusiasm and commitment to client service and technical excellence.
  • Successful candidates will be familiar with working within a fast-paced consulting environment and help to develop effective solutions to both expected and unexpected project challenges.

Requirements and qualifications

  • MA/MS (PhD preferred) in geology, earth sciences, paleontology, or closely related field
  • Meets or exceeds Society of Vertebrate Paleontology qualifications.
  • Minimum 10 years’ experience as lead paleontologist within California.
  • Experience in successful coordination and report approval with state and federal agencies.
  • Ability to be listed on BLM State-wide permit as a Lead Paleontologist.
  • Excellent interpersonal communication and management skills.
  • The ability to work closely with clients, engineers and other technical specialists as part of a larger combined project team.
  • Familiarity with digital field technology (GPS, total station, etc.) and GIS applications and software.
  • Technical report and proposal writing experience.
  • Candidates must occasionally be able and willing to travel and work outdoors in remote locations and for extended periods under all weather conditions, sometimes traversing rugged terrain.
  • Valid driver’s license and good driving record required.

Example 3

ABC Company paleontologists assist with field surveys, construction monitoring, excavations, fossil salvages, and other field tasks as needed. We place an emphasis on thorough, accurate and efficient collection and recordation of paleontologic, lithologic and stratigraphic data. Field techs may also be required to assist with laboratory fossil preparation, data entry and management, and data analysis.

Experience and qualifications:

  • Education and professional experience in paleontology – possession of B.S. or B.A. degree with an emphasis in paleontology or geology or demonstrated equivalent experience is required.
  • At least two years of experience monitoring in the state of X or geologic province of a specific project.
  • Knowledge of basic field geology skills, such as rock descriptions, measuring stratigraphic columns, and recognizing fossils including trace fossils. Monitors must demonstrate proficiency in recognizing various types of fossils, in collection methods, and in other paleontological field techniques.
  • Ability to conduct fieldwork for long hours in sometimes inclement weather conditions, including walking up to 10 miles per day often in rugged terrain; must be able to carry various types of field equipment and supplies
  • Must have the ability to use excavation tools
  • Must have a valid driver’s license and a good driving record; and must comply with ABC Company safety policies


  • Fossil preparation and/or museum curation experience.
  • Data management and GIS experience.
  • Prior experience with paleontological mitigation projects including construction monitoring is highly desirable.

Sample Interview Questions

  • Do you have experience working with different types of fossils, such as bones, tracks, or shells?
  • What is the best way to analyze and interpret fossils’ physical characteristics to gain insights into past ecosystems and environments?
  • How do you ensure the accuracy and integrity of your data while conducting fieldwork and collecting fossils?
  • What technologies do you use to enhance the analysis of fossils?
  • How do you ensure your findings are accurate and objective when there is a lack of evidence or conflicting information about a fossil or species?
  • What is the most significant discovery or research project that you have been part of, and how has it contributed to our understanding of the earth’s history?
  • What is your experience in working with other scientists or research institutions on paleontological projects, and how do you deal with potential conflicts or disagreements in research?
  • Do you have any experience communicating your research findings to a broader audience, such as through publications or museum exhibits? And if so, how do you tailor your communication to different audiences?
  • How do you stay current with paleontological research and incorporate this knowledge into your work?
  • In what ways do you envision paleontology evolving in the next few years, and what challenges do you anticipate facing in your research?

Need help hiring a Paleontologist?

We match top professionals with great employers across the country. From filling urgent job openings to developing long-term hiring strategies, our team is here to help. Review our staffing solutions, browse our award-winning Staffing Corner blog, or call today. We look forward to connecting with you soon.

Browse A-Z Job Descriptions