Medical Technologist Job Descriptions, Average Salary, Interview Questions

What Does a Medical Technologist Do?

A medical technologist (MT) is a professional who performs advanced laboratory tests that help diagnose and treat diseases various medical conditions. Using highly specialized lab equipment, they analyze samples such as bodily fluids and tissues to provide information that doctors use for medical decisions. Technologists are proficient in various testing methods, including microbiology, hematology, immunology, and molecular diagnostics.

Outside of running tests, medical technologists are responsible for maintaining and troubleshooting lab equipment to ensure it functions correctly. They follow very strict protocols and safety standards to prevent contamination. Medical technologists also often supervise and train lab assistants and other support staff as senior members in the lab. Their detailed work plays a significant part in the diagnostic system in healthcare.

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Medical Technologist Responsibilities

A MT plays the central role in many laboratories since they are often the senior leader working within the team. Duties will be different depending on the lab size but many of the tasks will be of a similar nature.

The below list represents the most common responsibilities for a medical technologist:

  • Conducting advanced tests: Perform a wide range of tests on patient samples, including blood, urine, and tissue, using advanced laboratory techniques.
  • Analyzing test results: Interpret and analyze test data to assist in diagnosing medical conditions and monitoring patient health.
  • Operating laboratory instruments: Use and manage sophisticated lab equipment and machinery, ensuring they are functioning correctly.
  • Maintaining equipment: Regularly calibrate, troubleshoot, and maintain laboratory instruments to ensure accurate results.
  • Preparing samples: Properly prepare and process specimens for testing, following detailed protocols.
  • Documenting findings: Accurately record and report test results in laboratory information systems and to healthcare providers.
  • Quality assurance: Implement and oversee quality control procedures to maintain high standards of accuracy and reliability in testing.
  • Training and supervising staff: Provide training and guidance to lab assistants and other support staff, ensuring best practices are followed.
  • Ensuring compliance: Adhere to and enforce safety and regulatory standards to ensure a safe and compliant laboratory environment.
  • Communicating results: Effectively communicate test results and relevant information to physicians and other healthcare professionals.

Medical Technologist Experience and Expertise

Technologists need to have both technical and soft skills as they will be both working with state of the art equipment but also frequently supervising a team.

Previous experience

  • Specialized testing: Experience with specialized tests in areas like microbiology, hematology, or molecular diagnostics.
  • Clinical laboratory knowledge: Experience in hospital or clinical labs provides practical knowledge of advanced lab procedures.
  • Research laboratories: Working in research labs can develop strong analytical skills and familiarity with complex testing methods.
  • Management: Prior management experience can help when needed to train or lead a team of technicians and assistants.

Technical skills

  • Advanced sample analysis: Expertise in conducting and interpreting complex laboratory tests.
  • Lab equipment proficiency: Skilled in operating, calibrating, and troubleshooting advanced laboratory instruments.
  • Quality control: Knowledge of quality assurance procedures to ensure accuracy and reliability of test results.
  • Data management: Proficiency in using laboratory information systems for documenting and managing test data.
  • Regulatory compliance: Understanding of regulatory standards and safety protocols in the laboratory setting.

Soft skills

  • Detail: oriented: Needed for accurate test results.
  • Communication: Clearly conveying test results and procedures with other healthcare professionals.
  • Team Leadership: Provides guidance and training to lab assistants and support staff.
  • Problem-Solving: Effectively addresses issues that arise in the lab.
  • Time Management: Efficiently handles multiple tasks and prioritizes workload.
  • Adaptability: Adapts to new technologies and procedures in a fast-evolving field.

Medical Technologist Education and Certification

To become a medical technologist candidates typically need a bachelor’s degree in a scientific field if not a graduate degree. There are also several certifications that many companies and government bodies will require as well.

Required education:

  • Bachelor’s degree: At least a bachelor’s degree in medical laboratory technology, clinical laboratory science, Chemistry, or a related field is required. This education provides comprehensive training in laboratory procedures, instrumentation, and the principles of medical science. Many technologists also get master’s degrees to advance within their career.
  • Accredited programs: Completing a program accredited by organizations such as the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) ensures that the education meets industry standards.


  • ASCP certification: Many employers require certification from the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), such as the MT (ASCP) credential. This certification demonstrates competence in laboratory skills and knowledge.
  • AMT certification: Certification from the American Medical Technologists (AMT), such as the MT (AMT) credential, is also widely recognized and valued by employers.
  • State licensure: Many states require medical technologists to be licensed. Licensing requirements vary, so reviewing state’s health board details is important.

Medical Technologist Compensation

Medical technologist salaries vary by experience, industry, organization size, and geography. To explore salary ranges by local market, please visit our sister site

The average U.S. salary for a MT is:


The average salary for a medical technologist is currently falls in the $75,000 to $85,000 per year range. Compensation can vary based on factors such as location, experience, and the type of healthcare facility. Generally, those working in larger hospitals or specialized medical labs may earn higher wages compared to those in smaller clinics or doctor’s offices.

Sample Job Descriptions

The job duties of a MT are going to be different depending on the company but much of the core requirements will remain the same. Here are some examples of past openings to give an example to go off of.

Medical lab technologist description

ABC company is seeking a dedicated medical technologist to join our lab staff. We pride ourselves on delivering accurate and timely results for our clients and need someone who can assist in providing that for our clients.


  • Conduct routine and specialized tests on patient samples, including blood, urine, and tissue.
  • Prepare specimens for analysis, following standardized procedures.
  • Use and maintain sophisticated lab equipment, ensuring all instruments are calibrated and functioning properly.
  • Record and manage test results in the laboratory information system.
  • Troubleshoot and resolve issues with lab equipment and test procedures.
  • Perform quality assurance procedures to maintain high standards.
  • Communicate results clearly to healthcare providers.
  • Maintain a safe and clean laboratory environment by adhering to safety protocols.


  • 4 Years of experience in a technologist capacity
  • Bachelor’s degree in chemistry, medical laboratory technology, or related field.
  • Certification as an MT (AMT) or similar credential.
  • Proficiency in operating advanced laboratory instruments.
  • Strong data management and documentation skills.

Preferred Qualifications

  • Experience in a private or independent lab setting.
  • Knowledge of quality control procedures and regulatory compliance.
  • Excellent problem-solving skills.

Hospital medical technologist description

ABC Hospital Inc is looking for an experienced technologist to join our laboratory team. This is an excellent opportunity with an established leader in the healthcare industry.


  • Train and supervise lab assistants and other support staff.
  • Operate and maintain advanced laboratory instruments, ensuring accurate results.
  • Perform a variety of complex lab tests on blood, urine, and tissue samples.
  • Prepare and process specimens, adhering to detailed protocols.
  • Document and report test findings in the lab information system.
  • Conduct quality control checks to ensure reliability of results.
  • Communicate effectively with physicians and healthcare professionals about test results.
  • Follow strict safety guidelines to maintain a safe lab environment.

Minimum requirements

  • Previous experience in a hospital laboratory setting.
  • 5+ years of experience working in a medical technologist role.
  • 3+ years managing a laboratory team.
  • Familiarity with electronic health records (EHR) systems, specifically EPIC.

Education and certification:

  • Bachelor’s degree from an accredited program. Masters degree preferred.
  • ASCP certification required.
  • Registered with the state licensure board

Physician’s office medical technologist description

ABC Family Practice is hiring a Medical Technologist to support our in-house lab. We are a busy practice committed to providing top-notch care to our patients.


  • Perform a wide range of lab tests and analyses on patient samples.
  • Manage and operate lab equipment, ensuring everything is in working order.
  • Prepare and label specimens accurately for testing.
  • Document test results and maintain patient records in the lab information system.
  • Implement quality control measures to ensure test accuracy.
  • Interact with patients to collect samples when necessary.
  • Supervise lab assistants and ensure they follow best practices.
  • Ensure compliance with all health and safety standards in the lab.


  • Bachelor’s degree in a field like chemistry, biology or life sciences.
  • 3+ years of laboratory experience.
  • Certification as a Medical Technologist, either ASCP or AMT.
  • Strong organizational skills and attention to detail.
  • Excellent communication skills for interacting with patients and healthcare providers.
  • Experience working in a doctor’s office or outpatient lab is preferred.
  • Familiarity with patient interaction and specimen collection.
  • Ability to work independently and in a team.

Medical Technologist Interview Questions

  • Can you describe your experience with performing complex laboratory tests on patient samples?
  • How do you ensure the accuracy and reliability of your test results?
  • What steps do you take to maintain and calibrate laboratory equipment?
  • How do you handle unexpected issues or errors in the lab?
  • Can you provide an example of a time when you had to manage multiple tasks in a busy lab environment?
  • How do you ensure compliance with health and safety regulations in the laboratory?
  • Describe your process for documenting and reporting test results to healthcare providers.
  • How do you approach training and supervising lab assistants or other support staff?
  • What methods do you use to stay updated on the latest developments and best practices in laboratory technology?

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