Security AnalystJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends

Protecting sensitive information is a significant concern for every company, and organizations need security analysts to determine best how to secure their data and make sure that data stays secure. A security analyst protects computer networks from cyber attacks, creates cybersecurity policies and practices for the entire organization, and documents security breaches.

Security testing is also a big part of a security analyst’s job. Security analysts work with an IT security team to test their networks and look for any weaknesses in their security measures. The security analyst then develops a plan to account for that weakness. A security analyst needs to stay adaptable. Cybersecurity is ever-changing and keeping up on the latest trends in cyber attacks and security measures is critical for every security analyst.

Security analysts also take part in creating an organization’s disaster recovery plan for the company to follow in an emergency. That often includes planning how data is stored and backed up as well as how the organization can restore its network to proper function after a disaster or emergency.

Sample job description #1

Operational support for information security tool alerts, triaging, and maintenance

Essential duties

  • Operational support for information security tool alerts, triaging, and maintenance
  • Execute on information security activities such as vulnerability management, application development security, business continuity, networking, risk management, etc.
  • Perform first level incidence response and computer forensics activities
  • Assess security controls and evaluate security posture of organizational internal controls
  • Evaluate third party relationships for compliance to organization security standards
  • Collaborate with IT department and Business colleagues to develop security programs as an SME
  • Researches security trends, new methods, and techniques used in order to preemptively eliminate the possibility of system breach
  • Serve as Subject Matter Expert (SME) on information security related projects and initiatives assigned
  • Maintain confidentiality on all sensitive security matters

Job skills

  • Excellent time management and communication skills
  • Strong ability to research technical challenges and learn quickly to provide security guidance
  • Familiarity with compliance regulations (e.g. FERPA, HIPAA)
  • Demonstrated ability of analytical expertise, close attention to details, critical thinking, logic, and solution oriented

Work experience

  • Minimum three years experience directly related to Information Security


  • Have an undergraduate degree from an accredited institution in an IT related field (preferred)

Certificates, licenses and registrations

  • Must have industry recognized certifications in CISSP, GIAC, or similar (or achieve within one year of employment)


  • Must be able to travel 0-10% of time
  • Must be able to lift 20 lbs.
  • Typical office setting
  • Mobility within the office including movement from floor to floor
  • Travel via plane, car, and metro may be required to perform this job
  • Must be able to work more than 40 hours per week when business needs warrant
  • Access information using a computer
  • Effectively communicate, both up and down the management chain
  • Effectively cope with stressful situations
  • Strong mental acuity
  • Regular, dependable attendance and punctuality are essential functions of this job

Sample job description #2

ABC Company is currently seeking an Information Security Analyst to join our client’s team in (State). This is a fully remote, contract-to-hire position. Must live in (State).


  • Monitor events and triage alerts across various security platforms
  • Identify and resolve false positive findings reported by information security tools
  • Monitor email and ticketing systems for security related issues and follow through until resolution
  • Stay up-to-date with adversary tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) and IT news


  • Knowledge of Information Security Concepts
  • Experience with log analysis and familiarity with various SIEM tools (Splunk, Elastic, ArcSight, QRadar, etc.)
  • Experience with various scripting languages (Bash/PowerShell/Python)
  • Familiarity with functionality of Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux operating systems
  • General Information Technology and Computer Networking knowledge preferred

Sample job description #3

As a GCP Cloud Security Analyst, you will be at the front lines with our clients supporting them with their cloud security needs to securely navigate their journey to the cloud on the leading cloud platforms, by supporting the implementation of industry-leading practices around cyber risks and cloud security for clients. You will execute on cloud security engagements during different phases of the lifecycle – assessment, design, implementation, and post-implementation reviews, particularly you will:

  • Have foundational knowledge of cloud cyber risk for Google Cloud Platform
  • Assist in guiding clients on their transition from on-premise security technologies to cloud-native options and assist clients with the deployment of cloud-native and third-party technologies to secure cloud platforms
  • Support cloud security assessments and provide recommendations on required configurations for client’s google cloud platforms and environments based on ABC Company’s Cloud Cyber Risk Framework
  • Design, develop, and implement cloud platform-specific security policies, standards, and procedures
  • Troubleshoot problems with cloud infrastructure (e.g., domain name service, virtual network peering, dedicated cloud connectivity services – Google Cloud Dedicated Interconnect) and resources (e.g., virtual machines, virtual networks, cloud databases) in a multi-cloud vendor environment and document technical platform issues, analysis, client communication, and resolution as part of cyber risk mitigation steps
  • Assist in the design, implementation, management, and automation of DevSecOps capabilities in cloud offerings (e.g., Google Functions, Python, JSON, Terraform)
  • Support the team on proposals, whitepapers, proof of concepts, technical eminence materials, and firm initiatives


  • BA/BS Degree is required. Ideally in Computer Science, Cyber Security, Information Security, Engineering, Information Technology
  • Ability to work independently and manage multiple projects/assignments/responsibilities in a fast-paced environment
  • Demonstrated leadership and strong verbal and written communication skills
  • Demonstrated problem solving and critical thinking skills
  • Ability to travel up to 50% (While up to 50% travel is a requirement of the role, due to COVID-19, non-essential travel has been suspended until further notice)
  • Must be legally authorized to work in the United States without the need for employer sponsorship, now or at any time in the future.


  • Strong academic track record (GPA of 3.2 preferred)
  • Relevant work experience or work experience in a professional environment (e.g. internships, summer positions, school jobs)
  • Foundational knowledge of cloud computing and/or cybersecurity
  • Full stack development experience
  • Experience with JSON, Python, XML, and the ability to write automation scripts
  • Experience with Terraform or other IaC tools
  • Foundational knowledge of security and privacy-related industry standards and frameworks (e.g., ISO 27001/2, NIST 800-53, NIST CSF, CSA CCM) is a plus
  • Knowledge of IP networking, VPNs, DNS, load balancing, and firewalling concepts

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a security analyst is $140,000 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$139,250$188,350
Los Angeles, California$157,100$212,500
Denver, Colorado$130,900$177,100
Washington, DC$159,450$215,750
Miami, Florida$130,300$176,300
Orlando, Florida$120,200$162,600
Tampa, Florida$121,400$164,200
Atlanta, Georgia$127,350$172,250
Chicago, Illinois$146,350$198,050
Boston, Massachusetts$158,250$214,150
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$126,150$170,650
New York City, New York$166,600$225,400
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$135,650$183,550
Dallas, Texas$132,100$178,700
Houston, Texas$130,900$177,100
Seattle, Washington$152,300$206,100
National Average$119,000$161,000

Sample interview questions

  • Where do you see yourself in five years? In ten?
  • What makes you a good fit for this company?
  • What sparked your interest in information security? 
  • What makes you a great security analyst?
  • Describe three ways to authenticate someone.
  • Explain how to secure a network. What factors would you take into consideration?
  • What would you do if someone with more authority than you demands that you break protocol?

Security Analyst Jobs in Ashburn

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