Civil EngineerSample Job Descriptions, Salaries, and Interview Questions

Civil engineers develop, design, supervise, and maintain infrastructure projects such as roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, and bridges. They can work in the public or private sector, in one of two major branches of civil engineering: structural engineering or construction engineering. In structural engineering, civil engineers design bridges and load-bearing structures. Civil engineers who work in construction engineering manage construction projects. A civil engineer uses data from surveys, tests, and maps to create blueprints for projects. Contractors use these blueprints to determine how to complete projects with minimal environmental impact.

In addition to high-level technical skills, civil engineers should have well-developed communication skills, because they’re often required to provide advice and suggestions to project stakeholders. Whether they work in the public or private sector, civil engineers play a significant role in shaping skylines, roads, and the general look and feel of our cities and towns. Because of this, there are a wide variety of jobs that fall under the civil engineering umbrella.

Sample job description #1

About you

You’re able to envision the steps needed to accomplish and delegate design and planning tasks. You think creatively and outside the box. You’re becoming a supportive leader and prefer team success over individual glory. You are hungry to learn and thrive in an environment where every day is different. You don’t shy away from sharing your ideas or asking questions.

To thrive in this position, you already have the following qualifications:

  • a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering or related field required.
  • a Washington state PE license (or are able to obtain one within six months).
  • 5-7 years of experience in design, planning, and implementation of water resource and civil engineering projects (bonus points for project management experience).
  • Proficiently qualified to review the work of Engineers in Training.
  • Enthusiasm for civil engineering, learning and creative thinking/problem solving.
  • Knowledge and understanding of rules and regulations that inform design.

It’d be great, but not required to also have the following qualifications:

  • Experience with AutoCAD Civil3D, GIS, SWMM, HEC-RAS, SRH-2D, and/or StormShed3G
  • Solid understanding of and experience with Washington State stormwater design and requirements.
  • Active participation in industry organizations such as APWA, WTS, SWE, NSBE, ACEC, ASCE, PNCWA, etc.

About the position

In this role, you’ll work with a highly collaborative team of engineers and civil technicians to:

  • Prepare reports, figures, drawings, specifications, and other deliverables.
  • Provide detailed engineering calculations.
  • Create hydrologic and hydraulic models.
  • Perform field work, data collection/analysis, and documentation for stormwater projects.
  • Coordinate with teammates on projects to ensure proper and timely execution.
  • Provide Deputy Project Management support and task management on projects.
  • Back check others’ work to ensure quality control, completeness, and accuracy of team deliverables.
  • Show up for your colleagues and positively contribute to the team’s culture, learning, and growth.

Sample job description #2

Our dynamic growth and continued success have created an opportunity for a Civil Engineer to become an important part of our well-established technical group. This opportunity offers numerous project challenges for an Engineer to apply their technical understanding and application of engineering principles and practices to a variety of multi-discipline civil projects.

Responsibilities may include:

  • Provide project engineering and task management; conduct collection systems modeling and design; collect and present data in reports, memos, and meetings; lead design calculations and technical reports; and preparation of engineering plans and specifications for design of facilities and related infrastructure.
  • Work independently in addition to planning, organizing, and assisting professionals, dependent on project/task.
  • Conduct planning, plan formulation and concept development.
  • Assist in project permitting efforts with various regulatory and municipal entities.

Required qualifications to be considered for our civil engineer position:

  • Bachelor’s degree in Civil, Environmental, or related engineering discipline.
  • Master’s degree preferred.
  • Minimum of 5 years of technical experience in stormwater systems, water quality, storm water collection systems, and pipeline design Candidates with additional experience are encouraged to apply.
  • Professional Engineer (PE) registration.
  • Experience with AutoCAD Civil 3D.
  • Experience managing projects would be a plus.

Sample job description #3

Key responsibilities & accountabilities

  • Plans, directs, and coordinates activities of a broad range of civil engineering projects (Roadway, Bridges, Water Resources, Site Design), through all phases including planning, design and construction to ensure that goals and objectives of these projects are accomplished within scope, schedule and budget.
  • Manage multiple projects which include developing plans, specifications, project schedules, technical analyses, evaluations, maps, procedures, report preparation, and project fiscal management.
  • Reviewing reports prepared by other staff
  • Ability to collect, evaluate and interpret data to make technical decisions in order to steer the project from inception to completion.
  • Ability to conduct both desktop assessments and field reconnaissance.
  • Ability to coordinate, plan, conduct and attend project meetings.
  • Assures that project team complies with the contract agreement as well as exercises rigid cost control to implement the approved design within established budget restraints.
  • Interacting with clients, stakeholders, and contractors during various phases of a project
  • Assist with proposal development; develop a firm understanding of costs for specific projects.
  • Participate in marketing efforts, including but not limited to proposal preparation and business development efforts
  • Maintains positive relationships with current and past clients as assigned and works to increase the number of desirable clients.
  • Serves as a representative of ABC Company at meetings, presentations, and public hearings/reviews relative to assigned projects.
  • Attend appropriate association/industry events to network and promote ABC Company


Minimum Requirements

  • B.S in Civil Engineering.
  • Registration as a Louisiana Professional Engineer
  • Minimum of 5-10 years of progressive experience in civil engineering design.

Technical Requirements

  • Experience in planning, design, and construction projects associated with civil engineering, roadways, site civil development, drainage, and bridges.
  • Efficient in Excel, Word, GIS, PowerPoint, Outlook, etc.
  • Review and evaluation of analytical data and quality assurance documents and processes, conduct site work as required
  • Excellent communication and technical writing skills
  • Knowledge of financial responsibility, project invoices, and billing system is a plus

Other Miscellaneous Qualities

  • Ability to travel 20% of the time
  • Experience with residential, commercial, and community or master planning projects is desired.
  • Experience with hydrologic and hydraulic analysis is a plus
  • Experience with implementation and adhering to health and safety requirements.

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a civil engineer is $88,100 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$87,600$118,550
Los Angeles, California$98,850$133,750
Denver, Colorado$82,350$111,450
Washington, DC$100,350$135,750
Miami, Florida$81,950$110,950
Orlando, Florida$75,650$102,350
Tampa, Florida$76,350$103,350
Atlanta, Georgia$80,150$108,400
Chicago, Illinois$92,100$124,650
Boston, Massachusetts$99,550$134,750
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$79,350$107,350
New York City, New York$104,850$141,850
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$85,350$115,450
Dallas, Texas$83,150$112,450
Houston, Texas$82,750$111,950
Seattle, Washington$95,850$129,650
National Average$74,850$101,300

Sample interview questions

  • How would you prioritize your work if you had multiple ongoing projects?
  • How do you maintain a safe work environment?
  • What do you believe should be the number-one priority for any civil engineer?
  • What is OSHA compliance?
  • What is the main challenge that you faced during your last role? How did you manage it?
  • What is the right strategy and mindset required for this role?
  • How do you stay motivated at work?
  • Why did you choose to pursue civil engineering?
  • What are the most relevant skills that you could bring to this job?
  • What relevant civil engineering qualifications do you have and what would you like to gain over the next few years?
  • How do you keep your knowledge of industry regulations up to date?
  • Describe to me what you see as a typical day in the life of a civil engineer? 
  • Which design software systems have you worked with?  
  • What are your greatest strengths and weaknesses?

Civil Engineer Jobs in Ashburn

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