Certified Nursing Assistant How to Hire, Salary Data, and Job Descriptions

Certified nursing assistants are assistants to the nurses, meaning they handle small daily tasks in medical hospitals and facilities. To be successful in this position, certified nursing assistants need to have excellent teamwork skills and a good bedside manner.

Certified nursing assistants are primarily responsible for administering help and monitoring patients throughout their hospital and medical facility days. CNAs in this role are required to have specialized training so that they can provide help, such as assisting with clothes changes, bathroom trips, cleaning the patient, administering daily medication reminders, and more. Certified nursing assistants find this to be a rewarding career since they can do the work they love while caring for people that need their help.

Sample job description #1

Your role

To provide care in accordance with the patient’s Home Health plan of care under the supervision of the RN, LVN, or PT. This includes companionship and other household functions for our elderly clients.

Essential duties and responsibilities

  • Provide respectful companionship, personal hygiene maintenance, housekeeping, meal preparation, feeding if needed, transportation, medication reminders, ambulation and transfer assistance, and shopping for our clients
  • Help to maintain a safe and secure home environment, educating families on healthy eating and exercising habits and fall prevention through home assessments and intervention
  • Provide routine updates on client’s physical and psychological progress
  • Perform other activities as instructed by a health professional for specific clients, such as vital sign monitoring and bowel and bladder hygiene care
  • Careful documentation and communication with client, care team, and family

Job conditions

  • May be required to bend, stoop, reach, and move client weighing up to 250 pounds; lift and/or carry up to 30 pounds
  • The position requires the ability to travel within the local area. If traveling by car, must possess a valid driver’s license and adequate car insurance
  • Hearing, eyesight, and physical dexterity must be sufficient to perform duties, understand and communicate with the client/family, and demonstrate client care
  • Must be able to give and receive information orally and use a telephone. Must be able to adequately document care provided in English


  • Preferably a high school diploma or GED
  • Current criminal clearance that satisfies the agency, local, state, and federal statutes
  • Must undergo or provide evidence of TB screening and physical examination
  • Must understand and respect clients including ethics and confidentiality of care
  • At least two years of experience working as a CAN or Home Health Aide
  • Current CPR certification preferred. If not currently certified, CPR certification needs to be completed within 60 days of hiring
  • Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA) Certification or Home Health Aide (HHA) Certification in the state

Sample job description #2

ABC Company is currently hiring Certified Nursing Assistants (CNA) to perform humanitarian work conducting basic health screenings.


  • CPR/ BLS certification required
  • Certification as nursing assistant
  • 1 year of experience

Type of work

  • Ensures the medical provider’s orders are implemented
  • Coordinates health care needs of patients with other staff members
  • Coordinates referrals to off-site providers as required
  • Performs record keeping functions in accordance with clinic policies
  • Obtains medical histories and completes necessary paperwork on patients including vital signs. Any medical problems are referred to the Physician, and/or NP/PA
  • Assists with medical appointments, emergencies, and sick call to include taking vital signs and documenting patient’s medical complaints


  • Full time, Part time, and PRN available
  • Day, Night, and Weekend shifts

Sample job description #3

Cares for patients in ABC Company’s rehabilitation setting, under direction of nursing and medical staff, by performing the following duties.

Essential duties and responsibilities

  • Lifts, turns, moves, positions, and transports clients as appropriate for their condition
  • Assists clients with baths, showers, personal grooming, feeding, and toileting
  • Accurately documents and charts patient care to include vitals and personal interactions
  • Respond to call lights promptly. Resolves client issue at time of initial response
  • Exhibits excellent customer service and a positive attitude towards clients
  • Assists in the evacuation of patients
  • Demonstrates dependable, regular attendance. Arrived to work on time and departs as scheduled
  • Demonstrates ability to concentrate and use reasoning skills and good judgment
  • Demonstrates ability to communicate and function productively on an interdisciplinary team
  • Must be able to sit, stand, bend, lift, push, pull, stoop, walk, reach, and move intermittently during working hours without restrictions
  • Must be able to read, write, speak, and understand the English language. Bilingual in Spanish a plus

Specific job requirements

  • Demonstrates patience, tact, cheerful disposition, and enthusiasm as well as willingness to handle difficult patients
  • Possesses the ability to make independent decisions when circumstances warrant such action
  • Possesses knowledge of practices and procedures as well as the laws, regulations, and guidelines governing functions in the post-acute care rehabilitation facility
  • Demonstrates the ability to implement and interpret the programs, goals, objectives, policies, and procedures of the department
  • Performs proficiently in all competency areas including but not limited to: direct patient care, patient rights, and safety and sanitation
  • Establishes and Maintains professional working relationships with all clients, families, visitors, associates, vendors, etc.
  • Maintains confidentiality of all proprietary and/or confidential information
  • Accept constructive feedback (positive or negative), learns from mistakes and grows from the experience
  • Understands and follow company policies including harassment and compliance procedures
  • Displays integrity and professionalism by adhering to ABC Company’s Code of Conduct and promptly completes mandatory compliance training as assigned

Education and experience

  • High School Diploma or equivalent
  • One-year experience in a rehabilitation setting is preferred

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a CNA is $38,000 per year in the United States. Salary will vary based on location and years of experience.

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$37,800$51,150
Los Angeles, California$42,650$57,100
Denver, Colorado$35,550$48,000
Washington, DC$43,300$58,150
Miami, Florida$35,350$47,200
Orlando, Florida$32,600$43,700
Tampa, Florida$32,950$44,000
Atlanta, Georgia$34,550$46,250
Chicago, Illinois$39,750$53,100
Boston, Massachusetts$42,950$57,700
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$34,250$45,800
New York City, New York$45,200$60,000
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$36,800$49,500
Dallas, Texas$35,850$48,350
Houston, Texas$35,700$47,900
Seattle, Washington$41,350$55,200
National Average$32,300$43,700

Sample interview questions

  • What would you say the duties of a certified nursing assistant are?
  • Can you tell me a little bit about yourself?
  • What would you say sets you apart from other applicants?
  • We get patients of all kinds. How would you handle it if a patient refuses care?
  • What made you decide to become a CNA?
  • If you had a difficult patient, how would you handle that?
  • Do you consider yourself a team player? 
  • What would you say your strengths are? What about your weaknesses?
  • This job is physically and emotionally demanding, has there been a time when you didn’t want to follow through with a specific task? How did you handle that?
  • What is your process like when you are handling multiple patients at one time? How do you pick which one to prioritize?
  • What part of being a certified nursing assistant is the most rewarding to you?
  • What is your process like when you are about to enter a patient’s room?
  • Are you familiar with the medical equipment and software required for this job?
  • Have you ever had a colleague get frustrated with a patient enough to where they yelled at them? How did you handle that?
  • There have been times when some patients get aggressive. Have you ever had an experience with an aggressive patient? How did you handle that?

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