Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Job Descriptions, Average Salary, Interview Questions

What Does an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Do?

Emergency medical technicians are the first people on the scene of an emergency, and they use their expertise to deliver patient care, support, and evaluation on scene, or in transit to the hospital. They help safely transport patients between hospitals, care facilities, and more.  

EMTs assess patients, determine the appropriate treatment and care, and administer life-saving medical treatments. They may also be responsible for operating and driving an ambulance. These individuals ensure that patient confidentiality is maintained and patient rights are respected.

EMTs must keep proper records and document patient condition, information, and treatment. They need to have excellent interpersonal skills with the ability to remain calm in stressful situations. This is a job that can be both rewarding and extremely high stress and as such, it’s not for everyone. Candidates must be good under pressure and able to quickly think and react to the situation.

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National Average Salary

Emergency medical technician salaries vary by experience, industry, organization size, and geography. To explore salary ranges by local market, please visit our sister site zengig.com.

The average U.S. salary for an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) is:


Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Job Descriptions

It’s important to include the right content in your job description when hiring an emergency medical technician (EMT). The following examples can serve as templates for attracting the best available talent for your team.

Example 1


  • Assesses nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures to be followed, or need for additional assistance
  • Restores and stabilizes heart rhythm on pulseless, nonbreathing patient
  • Monitors cardiac patient
  • Administers initial treatment at emergency scene and takes and records patient’s vital signs
  • Observes, records, and reports to physician patient’s condition, treatments, and significant incidents
  • Assists in extricating trapped victims and transports sick and injured persons to treatment center
  • Communicates with physician, and other medical personnel in person and by radio-telephone
  • Keeps current on treatment techniques, protocol changes, material, and equipment.
  • Prepares required reports and maintains records of activities
  • May drive mobile unit to and from emergency scene
  • Cleans assigned emergency vehicle
  • Requisitions and restocks supplies, material, and equipment
  • Conducts safety inspections and restocking of first aid supplies as directed
  • May require other duties as assigned

Job requirements

  • Completion with passing grades from an accredited Emergency Medical Technician program, EMT Certification as defined within the state in which contract exists

Example 2


  • Collaborate with your fellow EMTs and management to assure top tier patient care
  • Be flexible as emergency services operate on a 24-hour clock – your work shift schedule may vary due to the nature of the business
  • Remain up to date with current standards of care, including equipment functions and uses and all certifications, licenses and registrations
  • Conduct yourself in a courteous, helpful, and professional manner when dealing with patients, co-workers, supervisors, and the public
  • Recognize and treat any medical condition with appropriate techniques, equipment, and knowledge of all State and County protocols
  • Provide top tier medical transport to medical facilities by assuming responsibilities for medical care of the patient and carrying out established policies and procedures
  • Maintain rig cleanliness by stocking the rigs and taking ownership of your space
  • Gather patient billing information and appropriate billing signatures
  • Prepare and submit a pre-hospital patient care report
  • Respond promptly to assignments as required by the Dispatch Center
  • Must be able to lift, push, and pull 125 lbs or more


  • Valid Driver’s License (held for 2 or more years) and acceptable driving record
  • Valid CPR Card for the Health Care Provider
  • Must be fully vaccinated for COVID-19
  • Excellent verbal communication skill
  • Tech-savvy or comfortable with technology
  • Able to work on a team
  • Respectful of colleagues, patients, and supervisors

Example 3

What you’ll do

  • Experienced pre-hospital provider for an assigned project
  • Administration of first aid and level-appropriate care according to State, Local and National guidelines
  • Proper assessment of injuries and the coordination for appropriate transportation to medical facilities
  • Detailed documentation of medical and safety related incidents
  • Actively monitor and provide case management of all work-related injuries
  • Daily administration of site required drug and alcohol testing program
  • Provide project team with administrative support, to include: orientation for new workers
  • Attend weekly project safety meetings
  • Effective communication with Safety Managers, EMS Personnel, and Offsite Occupational Health Clinic
  • Daily communication with management
  • Coordination with project Safety Manager regarding safety related duties and inspections
  • Additional duties as directed by Med-eScreen management or client
  • Flexible schedule, extended hours to include weekends


  • High school diploma or GED equivalent
  • Current CPR or BLS (Basic Life Support) or equivalent credential
  • State Certification for EMT or Paramedic or National EMT certification, (NREMT)
  • 911 Emergency Services experience or triage experience
  • At least 2 years of experience working as an EMT


  • 1st Responder experience
  • Experience in construction, OSHA, or worker’s compensation
  • Excellent customer service skills
  • Excellent communication skills

Sample Interview Questions

  • How do you stay fit to handle the physical demands of this job?
  • What are the most challenging aspects of being an EMT?
  • How do you keep calm in emergency situations?
  • What trends do you currently see in the EMT field?
  • What past experiences have equipped you for this role?
  • Describe a challenging call you have had as an EMT. 
  • How would you remove a patient from an area that is difficult to reach?
  • Can you think of a time you provided exceptional care?
  • What kind of environment have you worked in as an EMT?
  • What is your process for assessing and treating patients in an emergency?
  • What is your experience working as part of a team in emergency medical situations, and how do you ensure effective communication and collaboration?

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