Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) How to Hire, Salary Data, and Job Descriptions

Emergency medical technicians are the first people on the scene of an emergency, and they use their expertise to deliver patient care, support, and evaluation on scene, or in transit to the hospital. They help safely transport patients between hospitals, care facilities, and more.  

EMTs assess patients, determine the appropriate treatment and care, and administer life-saving medical treatments. They may also be responsible for operating and driving an ambulance. These individuals ensure that patient confidentiality is maintained and patient rights are respected.

EMTs also keep proper records and document patient condition, information, and treatment. They have excellent interpersonal skills with the ability to remain calm in stressful situations. Due to this being such a high-stress job, it’s not for everyone. You have to be extremely good under pressure.

Sample job description #1

Essential functions

  • Assesses nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures to be followed, or need for additional assistance
  • Restores and stabilizes heart rhythm on pulseless, nonbreathing patient
  • Monitors cardiac patient
  • Administers initial treatment at emergency scene and takes and records patient’s vital signs
  • Observes, records, and reports to physician patient’s condition, treatments, and significant incidents
  • Assists in extricating trapped victims and transports sick and injured persons to treatment center
  • Communicates with physician, and other medical personnel in person and by radio-telephone
  • Keeps current on treatment techniques, protocol changes, material, and equipment.
  • Prepares required reports and maintains records of activities
  • May drive mobile unit to and from emergency scene
  • Cleans assigned emergency vehicle
  • Requisitions and restocks supplies, material, and equipment
  • Conducts safety inspections and restocking of first aid supplies as directed
  • May require other duties as assigned

Job requirements

  • Completion with passing grades from an accredited Emergency Medical Technician program, EMT Certification as defined within the state in which contract exists

Sample job description #2


  • Collaborate with your fellow EMTs and management to assure top tier patient care
  • Be flexible as emergency services operate on a 24-hour clock – your work shift schedule may vary due to the nature of the business
  • Remain up to date with current standards of care, including equipment functions and uses and all certifications, licenses and registrations
  • Conduct yourself in a courteous, helpful, and professional manner when dealing with patients, co-workers, supervisors, and the public
  • Recognize and treat any medical condition with appropriate techniques, equipment, and knowledge of all State and County protocols
  • Provide top tier medical transport to medical facilities by assuming responsibilities for medical care of the patient and carrying out established policies and procedures
  • Maintain rig cleanliness by stocking the rigs and taking ownership of your space
  • Gather patient billing information and appropriate billing signatures
  • Prepare and submit a pre-hospital patient care report
  • Respond promptly to assignments as required by the Dispatch Center
  • Must be able to lift, push, and pull 125 lbs or more


  • Valid Driver’s License (held for 2 or more years) and acceptable driving record
  • Valid CPR Card for the Health Care Provider
  • Must be fully vaccinated for COVID-19
  • Excellent verbal communication skill
  • Tech-savvy or comfortable with technology
  • Able to work on a team
  • Respectful of colleagues, patients, and supervisors

Sample job description #3

What you’ll do

  • Experienced pre-hospital provider for an assigned project
  • Administration of first aid and level-appropriate care according to State, Local and National guidelines
  • Proper assessment of injuries and the coordination for appropriate transportation to medical facilities
  • Detailed documentation of medical and safety related incidents
  • Actively monitor and provide case management of all work-related injuries
  • Daily administration of site required drug and alcohol testing program
  • Provide project team with administrative support, to include: orientation for new workers
  • Attend weekly project safety meetings
  • Effective communication with Safety Managers, EMS Personnel, and Offsite Occupational Health Clinic
  • Daily communication with management
  • Coordination with project Safety Manager regarding safety related duties and inspections
  • Additional duties as directed by Med-eScreen management or client
  • Flexible schedule, extended hours to include weekends


  • High school diploma or GED equivalent
  • Current CPR or BLS (Basic Life Support) or equivalent credential
  • State Certification for EMT or Paramedic or National EMT certification, (NREMT)
  • 911 Emergency Services experience or triage experience
  • At least 2 years of experience working as an EMT


  • 1st Responder experience
  • Experience in construction, OSHA, or worker’s compensation
  • Excellent customer service skills
  • Excellent communication skills

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for an emergency medical technician (EMT) is $38,000 per year in the United States. Salary will vary based on level of experience, education, and geographical location. 

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$37,800$51,150
Los Angeles, California$42,650$57,700
Denver, Colorado$35,550$48,050
Washington, DC$43,300$58,550
Miami, Florida$35,350$47,850
Orlando, Florida$32,600$32,600
Tampa, Florida$32,950$44,500
Atlanta, Georgia$34,550$46,750
Chicago, Illinois$39,700$53,750
Boston, Massachusetts$42,950$58,100
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$34,250$46,300
New York City, New York$45,200$61,200
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$36,800$49,800
Dallas, Texas$35,850$48,500
Houston, Texas$35,700$48,300
Seattle, Washington$41,350$55,950
National Average$32,300$43,700

Sample interview questions

  • How do you stay fit to handle the physical demands of this job?
  • What are the most challenging aspects of being an EMT?
  • How do you keep calm in emergency situations?
  • What trends do you currently see in the EMT field?
  • What past experiences have equipped you for this role?
  • Describe a challenging call you have had as an EMT. 
  • How would you remove a patient from an area that is difficult to reach?
  • What does an ideal day on the job look like for you?
  • Why are you seeking a new position?
  • Can you think of a time you provided exceptional care?
  • What kind of environment have you worked in as an EMT?
  • What leadership qualities do you have?
  • Do you prefer to work alone or on a team?

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