Python DeveloperJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends

Python developers write code using the Python programming language. They are involved in all aspects of back-end development, debugging, and implementation of new applications to meet business needs. They collaborate with other teams to understand user requirements and provide solutions. They also improve the functionality of existing applications. Python developers must have a high level of expertise in at least one Python framework, such as Django, Flask, or Pyramid. They need to understand front-end technologies, like JavaScript and HTML, as part of their job is to integrate applications.

Python developers do a variety of things using the Python language, including machine learning, data analytics and visualization, producing applications, as well as developing web services, games, and languages. They must have good collaborative skills as they work closely with web developers, software engineers, and clients to produce engaging, functional software. Python developers need to have a strong familiarity with testing and debugging tools. Solid analytical skills, the ability to troubleshoot effectively, and excellent project management skills.

Sample job description

[Your Company Name] has been providing cloud commerce solutions and empowering businesses to reach their full potential. Right now, we’re searching for a Python developer to join our high-impact team to create the next generation of eCommerce. What we’re looking for is a developer who solves problems with end-to-end solutions in a very fast-paced, agile environment. Our Python resource will be able to provide scalable, personalized service to our clients with clean, functional code. If you’re an excellent self-starter who’s also great at working in a team environment, and you think you’ve got the coding skills we’re searching for, we’d love to hear from you!

Typical duties and responsibilities

  • Write high-quality code
  • Regularly ship code to a production environment
  • Work within the Agile software methodology including scrums, sprint reviews, and demos
  • Regularly and extensively collaborate with other developers, engineering teams, project management, and clients
  • Break down objectives into tasks and strategies
  • Participate in reviews
  • Maintain and upgrade automated validation tests
  • Regularly validate code and models

Education and experience

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science, software engineering, or a related field
  • Working experience with Python
  • 1 year experience in a developer role

Required skills and qualifications

  • Fluent in Python programming language
  • Working experience with Django and DRF
  • Knowledge of Restful web services
  • Working knowledge of relational databases and high-scale solutions
  • A passion for writing effective tests
  • An inquisitive mind that’s engaged and looking to improve every project

Preferred qualifications

  • 3+ years experience in a developer role
  • Fluent in multiple programming languages
  • Front end or full stack experience
  • Project management experience
  • Working experience with AWS, UNIX, Ansible, and Jenkins

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a Python developer is $104,200 per year in the United States, with some employers paying an annual bonus. Salary will depend on the level of experience, company size, and geographical location. 

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$103,450$139,950
Los Angeles, California$116,700$157,850
Denver, Colorado$97,250$131,550
Washington, DC$118,450$160,250
Miami, Florida$96,800$130,950
Orlando, Florida$89,300$120,800
Tampa, Florida$90,150$122,000
Atlanta, Georgia$94,600$127,950
Chicago, Illinois$108,750$147,100
Boston, Massachusetts$117,550$159,050
Minneapolis-St.Paul, Minnesota$93,700$126,800
New York City, New York$123,750$167,450
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$100,800$136,350
Dallas, Texas$98,100$132,750
Houston, Texas$97,700$132,150
Seattle, Washington$113,150$153,100
National Average$88,400$119,600

Typical work environment

Python developers work in an office as part of a team. They’ll often consult with engineers and other developers, management, clients, and others to check status, provide updates, and make changes on projects as necessary. Constant communication with all parties involved in a project will maintain the integrity of the overall project and prevent unnecessary rework and any unwanted implementations can be avoided. 

While many Python developers are full-time staff at a company, many others are self-employed, freelance, or work as consultants. This and other factors may provide a remote work environment. With any programming job, you can expect to be seated at a computer for long periods of time, regardless of the environment.

Typical hours

The typical work hours for a Python developer in an office setting are 9 AM to 5 PM, Monday through Friday. Freelance, self-employed, and consultation-based Python developers are often able to set their own hours and work remotely.

Available certifications

As Python developers work in a variety of industries, there are many institutions that offer certifications, including:

  • PCEP. The PCEP certification aims to gauge a candidate’s ability to accomplish basic coding tasks within Python. After obtaining this certification, you demonstrate you have ample knowledge of fundamental concepts, a good understanding of syntax and semantics, and standard problem resolution skills with implementation. This entry-level course will certify that you understand the fundamentals of the programming language and graduate you to an intermediate level. This is a great first step if you’re looking to learn the language in a more formal way, and sets you apart from others as a serious developer looking to make Python part of your career.
  • PCAP. The “Certified Associate in Python Programming” certification instills further confidence in your ability to grasp the language. Specifically, a PCAP certified individual can understand the fundamental notions and techniques of object-oriented programming and is capable of accomplishing stand-alone coding tasks. By being familiar with the general coding techniques, programming concepts, (specifically object-oriented programming), the runtime environment, and the underlying syntax and semantics, you’ve distinguished yourself further from the pack.
  • PCPP. The Certified Professional in Python Programming is the highest certification currently offered by the Python Institute. This certification is split into two components and gauges a candidate’s ability to accomplish advanced coding taste, apply OOP techniques, create complete systems and frameworks, work with GUI and network programming, and libraries and modules. You’ll be certified as highly competent in the PEP conventions, GUI programming, program environment communication, advanced OOP, text file processing, and more. This certification proves that you’re as serious a contender as they come and are recognized globally as a highly knowledgeable Python resource.

Career path

The journey to becoming a Python developer begins in much the same way any IT position starts, with a bachelor’s degree in an IT field. Computer science, software engineering, or any number of related fields is a great first step in moving towards your developer career. While not strictly necessary, it sets you up for a competitive advantage for both obtaining and promoting in the workplace.

Learning the language itself is the single most important factor that will determine your coding career. Speaking the language is the entire job, after all. You should familiarize yourself with Python, and any other programming languages you can, along with the accompanying frameworks, and have at least a general understanding of networking, cloud-based systems, and full stack development.

Becoming certified in Python further proves your grasp of the language, and the more advanced certifications you obtain, the better you’ll look to potential employers. Obtaining secondary and tertiary degrees for project management and scrum certifications are definitely a plus, as many companies are seeking to find employees that operate within Agile methodologies. 

After you’ve learned the language, getting a junior position as a developer, preferably in Python, is an excellent way to get hands-on experience and learn the practical strengths and limitations of the language.

US, Bureau of Labor Statistics’ job outlook

SOC Code: 15-1256

2020 Employment1,847,900
Projected Employment in 20301,888,553
Projected 2020-2030 Percentage Shift 22% increase
Projected 2020-2030 Numeric Shift409,500 increase

The world becomes more digital every day, and because of that, we’ll continue to need people working behind the scenes to make sure everything keeps running smoothly. Python is an incredibly powerful, dynamic, and future-proof language that won’t see an end any time in the foreseeable future. 

With that said, the position itself will continue to explode in demand as more businesses transition online, and we become more connected with the phones in our pockets, our smart devices, PCs, gaming consoles, and more. 

Sample interview questions

  • Can you explain what Python is?
  • What are its benefits?
  • What’s a dynamically typed language?
  • Can you explain PEP8 and why it’s important?
  • What’s Scope?
  • What are the common built-in data types?
  • Can you explain “pass”?
  • Can you explain modules and packages?
  • Can you explain break, continue, and pass?
  • What are unit tests?
  • What’s docstring?
  • What’s slicing?
  • How is memory managed?
  • How are namespaces used?
  • What’s Scope Resolution?
  • Can you explain Lambda?

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