UI DeveloperJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends

The user interface (UI) is where users control and use a particular piece of software, and UI developers are responsible for visualizing and creating that part of a program. A UI developer lives at the intersection of computer programming, psychology, and graphic design. UI developers have to get inside a user’s mind and predict how a user would want to control a piece of software, then design an interface that is intuitive and easy to learn.

UI developers are responsible for making sure programs behave as users would expect them to. They often have to have a wide variety of expertise, including knowledge of web development languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, as well as application programming languages like Java, .Net, AJAX, and Ruby. Also, a UI Developer should know about graphic design programs like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Flash, and Flex to design the look of the user interface.

In addition to hard technical skills, UI developers should also have soft skills like verbal and written communication, project management, team leadership, and presentation. A UI developer needs to be able to effectively communicate ideas to stakeholders outside of the development team to align the goals of a particular project. Generally, a UI developer doesn’t work alone, so team leadership and the ability to motivate and coordinate colleagues are also critical.

Sample job description

[Your Company Name] is hiring experienced user interface developers. We are looking for a candidate with excellent communication and collaboration skills and an eye for design to work for us full time. A UI developer plays a key role in the way software and websites look and feel for the end user. They implement the vision of the UX developer and make important design decisions about color, spacing, typography, buttons, transitions, spacing, icons, and scrollbars, in addition to using coding languages like Javascript, HTML, CSS, Jason, AJAX, and JQuery. If you’re a creative, empathetic UI developer with 3-5 years of experience, [Your Company Name] might be the perfect place for you to take your career.

Typical duties and responsibilities

  • Collaborate with product management and engineering to define and implement innovative solutions for the product’s direction, visuals, and experience
  • Execute all visual design stages from concept to final hand-off to engineering
  • Conceptualize original ideas that bring simplicity and user-friendliness to complex design roadblocks
  • Create wireframes, storyboards, user flows, process flows, and site maps to communicate interaction and design ideas effectively
  • Present and defend designs and key milestone deliverables to peers and executive stakeholders
  • Conduct user research and evaluate feedback
  • Establish and promote design guidelines, best practices, and standards

Education and experience

This position requires a bachelor’s degree in human-computer interaction, interaction design, engineering, or a related field.

A master’s degree in those fields is strongly preferred.

Required skills and qualifications

  • Demonstrate UI design skills with a strong portfolio
  • Substantial experience in creating wireframes, storyboards, user flows, process flows, and site maps
  • Proficiency in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • Excellent visual design skills with sensitivity to user-system interaction
  • Ability to present designs and sell solutions to various stakeholders
  • Ability to solve problems creatively and effectively
  • Experience working in an Agile/Scrum development process

Preferred qualifications

  • Solid experience implementing automated tests leveraging Jasmine and Cypress
  • Champions data-driven decision-making
  • Good working knowledge of cloud security and web security
  • Enthusiasm to work in an Agile development model

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a UI developer is $102,000 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$101,450$137,250
Los Angeles, California$114,450$154,850
Denver, Colorado$95,350$129,050
Washington, DC$116,200$157,200
Miami, Florida$94,950$128,450
Orlando, Florida$87,550$118,450
Tampa, Florida$88,450$119,650
Atlanta, Georgia$92,750$125,500
Chicago, Illinois$106,650$144,300
Boston, Massachusetts$115,300$156,000
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$91,900$124,350
New York City, New York$121,400$164,200
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$98,850$133,700
Dallas, Texas$96,250$130,200
Houston, Texas$95,350$129,050
Seattle, Washington$111,000$150,150
National Average$86,700$117,300

Typical work environment

Much of the work of a UI developer is done in the office on a computer, working full time. UI developers use specialized software, such as Sketch, Adobe XD, and InVision to layout and prototype user interface designs. The job of a UI developer is highly collaborative, requiring close work with UX developers to create easy-to-use interfaces for the end-user. Increasingly, more UI developer positions are available remotely.  

Typical hours

The typical work hours in an office setting for a UI developer are usually from 9 AM to 5 PM. Additional work hours can be required when approaching project deadlines.

Available certifications

With the increasing amount of business going online, more UI developers are needed, meaning that a number of certification programs exist to help you start your career. A bachelor’s degree in computer science and information systems is a great place to start, but not required to have a career in UI development.

  • Front-End Web Development Graduate Certificate. This four-course certificate program offered by Harvard teaches you the fundamentals of UI development, including coding, designing, and understanding best practices for web design. You have three years to complete the four courses with a B grade or higher. 
  • CareerFoundry UI Program. This five to nine month program is perfect for beginners looking to make a career change. The entire course is taught online, with access to tutors and mentors. Expect to spend between fifteen to thirty hours a week. 
  • Designlab UI Design Short Course. If you’re a mid level design professional looking to increase your skill set in UI development, this four week course is perfect for you. The course requires between 15 and 20 hours a week of your time and will help you advance your career.

Career path

A UI developer needs to have a bachelor’s degree in human-computer interaction, interaction design, engineering, or a related field. Students are encouraged to pursue internships with technology companies while they are in college to gain some real-world experience in the field. Some companies prefer applicants to have a master’s degree.

UI developers need to study HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, as well as application programming languages like Java, .Net, AJAX, and Ruby. Knowledge of the Adobe Creative Suite (for creating design mockups of user interfaces) and the inner workings of the most popular web browsers like Chrome, Safari, Firefox, and Internet Explorer are also essential skills for a UI developer to have.

A UI developer can move up into a role like IT project manager. In that role, they oversee and guide the entire development process of a project, sometimes supervising a team of software developers and UI developers. UI developers who want to move into management roles should spend extra time developing soft skills like relationship building, motivating and influencing others, and communication.

US, Bureau of Labor Statistics’ job outlook

SOC Code: 15-1255

2020 Employment199,400
Projected Employment in 2030224,900
Projected 2020-2030 Percentage Shift 13% increase
Projected 2020-2030 Numeric Shift25,500 increase

UI developers need to keep up on the latest trends and study how users interact with websites and software. According to the design website DesignHill, there are several trends UI Developers should be on top of in the next few years, including full-screen video, more vivid colors, and long scrolling.

Videos have been used for a long time to grab users’ attention, but many websites and some apps are expanding their videos to full-screen to increase user engagement. More vivid colors are also being used to increase user engagement. For a few years, UI design trended toward muted colors, but as that trend continues to recede, many brands are using brighter colors to highlight their identity and personality. That trend is also expected to show itself in user interfaces.

A third trend UI developers should be aware of is the use of cards. Cards are used to display large amounts of data on a single screen, letting users get the information at a single glance. They’re becoming more common because they work well both on desktop and mobile screens. Cards can also be manipulated and moved in different ways, giving UI developers more flexibility.

Sample interview questions

  • Describe your design process for me.
  • Tell me about a normal working day for a UI developer.
  • How do you deal with negative user feedback?
  • How would you increase the performance of a page that was running slowly?
  • Tell me about yourself and your education.
  • Where do you see yourself in five years? In ten?
  • What makes you a good fit for this company?
  • What do you like best about being a UI developer?
  • Tell me about the most difficult project you’ve ever worked on. 
  • How do you manage your time to meet deadlines?
  • How do you make the websites you design accessible?
  • What is full form HTML and what is it used for?
  • Name at least three position property attributes.

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