Electrical EngineerJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends
Electrical engineers develop and test electronic products and systems for consumer goods like electronic gadgets and appliances to large-scale electrical power systems. They use principles of electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism to develop electrical systems. An electrical engineer can work in multiple industries, including telecommunications, manufacturing, energy, the automotive industry, the military, aerospace, and more. In addition to possessing experience and skills in engineering, electrical engineers must also be well-versed in the use of computer-assisted design software.
Electrical engineer candidates should have skills in science, math, communication, teamwork, analytical problem-solving, and critical thinking. Most electrical engineers specialize in a particular area of expertise, such as signal processing, power engineering, or micro-electronics. In addition to designing and testing systems, electrical engineers conduct risk assessments and make sure products comply with safety standards and electrical engineering codes. They also create new applications.
Sample job description
Electrical engineers are responsible for the design and development of electrical devices and equipment. They also perform testing to ensure the devices, systems, and equipment are functioning properly. They also may oversee the manufacture of these devices, systems, and equipment. An electrical engineer must have a deep understanding of electrical manufacturing processes as well as electrical engineering codes and safety standards. They must also be excellent problem-solvers and have solid attention to detail. [Your Company Name] will be hiring an experienced electrical engineer for our business. Those with proven experience designing and implementing complex industrial, commercial, or domestic electrical systems will be the ideal candidate for this position.
Typical duties and responsibilities
Design, control, test, and implement electrical systems and products
Create manufacturing processes according to global engineering codes and standards
Manage engineering projects and deliver them on time
Define customer needs and requirements
Ensure that projects match customer needs and safety standards
Collaborate with engineers and technicians to design and apply new system processes
Monitor maintenance and inspection plans
Education and experience
This position requires a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering and coursework in computer science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, and statistics. Some employers prefer that a candidate has a master’s degree or PhD for certain positions.
Required skills and qualifications
Analytical, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills
Proficiency in advanced mathematics
Teamwork and interpersonal communication skills
Strong technical writing ability
Experience with database and spreadsheet software
Expertise in working with engineering and computer-assisted design software
Demonstrated ability in solving complex technical problems
Strong mathematical skills
2+ years working as an engineer
Bachelor’s degree in engineering or a related field
Average salary and compensation
The average salary for an electrical engineer is $101,800 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.
Los Angeles, California
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
New York City, New York
Typical work environment
Electrical engineers can work in a variety of environments, such as laboratories, research facilities, factories, mines, industrial and production plants, power stations, and office settings. Electrical engineers typically work 40-hour weeks during traditional business hours. They may be required to work overtime to meet deadlines or to address urgent issues.
The typical work hours for an electrical engineer are usually from 9 AM to 5 PM, Monday through Friday. However, many electrical engineers work longer hours to hit project deadlines or troubleshoot project issues.
Electrical engineers work in a variety of manufacturing industries, and many institutions offer certifications to help them develop their skills and advance their careers. Check out the following top certifications:
Certified Electrical Safety Compliance Professional (CESCP). This certification program is designed for electrical and safety professionals who oversee electrical safety programs or who manage electricians and other personnel exposed to electrical hazards. The certificate recognizes your knowledge of electrical safety in workplace environments and your competence as related to the standards for electrical safety in the Workplace.
Professional Engineer (PE) License. The National Society of Professional Engineers offers the PE license, which demonstrates that you have the credentials to work as a professional engineer, displaying the highest standard of competence and quality. Obtaining the PE license can greatly enhance your career options. To earn your license, you must complete a four-year college degree from an accredited engineering program, work under a professional engineer for at least four years, and pass the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.
This position requires a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering and coursework in computer science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, and statistics. Some employers prefer that a candidate has a master’s degree or PhD for certain positions. Several companies also require a Professional Engineer (PE) license, which means passing the Fundamentals of Engineering exam, on-the-job experience, and passing score the Principles and Practice of Engineering Examination. Successful electrical engineers can advance to supervising a team of engineers and receive greater independence to design and evaluate projects and processes.
US, Bureau of Labor Statistics’ job outlook
SOC Code: 17-2071
Projected Employment in 2030
Projected 2020-2030 Percentage Shift
Projected 2020-2030 Numeric Shift
According to the international engineering firm Skelia, one major trend changing the electrical engineering field in the coming years is the use of smart power grids. Energy customers are getting their energy from more than just the traditional power grid now. Some who produce excess energy at their homes are opting to sell that energy back to their electric company. This requires the use of smart devices at their homes to monitor the energy flow back and forth, in addition to predicting surges and detecting outages. Electrical engineers will likely need to either work with or develop smart grids much more often in the next several years.
Another trend in the electrical engineering field is the growing popularity of wearable wireless technology. Many electrical engineers are developing various wireless devices such as health and fitness monitors; they are also using them to do their jobs. There are now watches that tell the wearer when they are too close to high-voltage electricity, and boots equipped with sensors to detect overheating and other job site dangers.
Sample interview questions
What is the role of an electrical engineer?
Why do you want to work for our company?
What are your long-term career goals?
What are the most important skills an electrical engineer should have?
Which electrical engineering software programs have you worked with?
What is the best thing about working as an electrical engineer?
What were your responsibilities in your last position?
Have you specialized in any particular area of electrical engineering?
What was the most successful project you have worked on?
Can you describe a situation in which you made a mistake while working on an electrical engineering project? How did you resolve it?
What do the different colors on wires symbolize?
What is the difference between a generator and an alternator?
Why might a transformer make a humming sound?
Which different kinds of cables are used for transmissions?
How do you select a wire size for a new project?
What are the main types of electric current?
What are inductance and capacitance?
How would you deal with discord on your team?
What is an RLC circuit?
What does reverse polarity mean, and how can it be fixed?
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