Electrical Engineer Job Descriptions, Average Salary, Interview Questions

What Does an Electrical Engineer Do?

Electrical engineers develop and test electronic products and systems for consumer goods like electronic gadgets and appliances to large-scale electrical power systems. They use principles of electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism to develop electrical systems. An electrical engineer can work in multiple industries, including telecommunications, manufacturing, energy, the automotive industry, the military, aerospace, and more. In addition to possessing experience and skills in engineering, electrical engineers must also be well-versed in the use of computer-assisted design software.

Electrical engineer candidates should have skills in science, math, communication, teamwork, analytical problem-solving, and critical thinking. Most electrical engineers specialize in a particular area of expertise, such as signal processing, power engineering, or micro-electronics. In addition to designing and testing systems, electrical engineers conduct risk assessments and make sure products comply with safety standards and electrical engineering codes. They also create new applications.

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National Average Salary

Electrical engineer salaries vary by experience, industry, organization size, and geography. To explore salary ranges by local market, please visit our sister site zengig.com.

The average U.S. salary for an Electrical Engineer is:


Electrical Engineer Job Descriptions

Example 1

Design, implement, and maintain complex industrial and commercial electrical systems.

Duties and responsibilities

  • Lead the electrical design for the facility’s capital projects
  • Provide technical support to plant’s I/E maintenance group
  • Perform breaker coordination/fault tolerance
  • Perform short circuit analysis
  • Perform arch flash calculations
  • Determine motor specification and sizing of electrical starters
  • Design and modification of lighting systems

Required skills and abilities

  • In depth knowledge of and experience designing industrial electrical systems
  • Excellent verbal and written communication skills
  • Excellent interpersonal and customer service skills to effectively interface with production groups
  • Excellent organizational skills and attention to detail
  • Excellent time management skills with a proven ability to meet deadlines
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Ability to prioritize tasks and to delegate them when appropriate
  • Ability to function well in a high-paced and at times stressful environment
  • Proficiency with Microsoft Office Suite (specifically Project), AutoCAD, EasyPower, or related software preferred

Education and experience

Bachelor’s in Electrical Engineering and 5+ years of experience in industrial power or equivalent combination of experience and education

Example 2

We are growing and looking for talented individuals in the industry to join our team. This is a perfect opportunity for a highly-motivated, hands-on individual to work on a project team with other electrical engineers engaged in the planning, design, upgrade, and modification of large electrical projects.


  • Ability to Self-Perform Coordination Studies (Arc Flash, Short Circuit, and Coordination Studies) on Power Distribution Systems using SKM and/or ETAP
  • Train new hires as needed to develop staff to support Study needs
  • Review current study process and work toward improving the study process
  • Present Coordination Study to Clients
  • Work toward early gear release deadlines
  • Project workload of self and study team to foresee staffing needs
  • These statements are intended to describe the general nature and scope of work being performed by an Electrical Engineer. This is not a complete listing of all responsibilities, duties and/or skills required. Additional responsibilities may also be assigned

Working conditions

  • Mainly office but may also include all other work environments as required: sit, stand, talk, hear, use hands and fingers to operate a computer keyboard and telephone
  • Work is generally performed in climate-controlled office environment
  • Primary environment: ambient room temperatures, lighting, and traditional office equipment as found in a typical office environment
  • Considerable time is spent at a desk using a computer terminal
  • May on occasion be exposed to loud sounds and distracting noise levels, such as from office equipment
  • Can be exposed to hazardous materials, loud noises, and extreme heat/cold temperatures, if visiting job sites or other off-site events
  • Can be exposed to Heavy Equipment, slippery surfaces, or uneven footing on the jobsite
  • Moderate noise (i.e. business office with computers, phone, and printers, light foot traffic)


  • A Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering is a plus, but not a requirement
  • 2+ years of Engineering Study experience is required
  • 2+ years of using Study Software (SKM and/or ETAP)
  • Ability to manage workload and meet project deadlines
  • Able to identify, analyze, and solve problems
  • Strong oral and written communication skills
  • Able to work independently and as part of a team
  • Job related technical knowledge necessary to complete the job
  • Ability to work in a time-conscious and time-effective manner
  • Strong computer software skills including MS Office (particularly Excel)

Example 3

You will be responsible for applying engineering knowledge, concepts, and experience to size, evaluate, select, and specify electrical power, lighting, and auxiliary systems for use on assigned projects in accordance with relevant codes and standards. You will perform a variety of tasks which may include conducting field investigations, preparing design calculations, developing construction packages (drawings and specifications), and contributing to business development activities.

Your key responsibilities

  • Acts as Engineer-of-Record for projects and/or project components within areas of professional competency
  • Evaluates, selects, specifies, and engineers all electrical engineered systems or products for a project
  • Engages in the development of a design through sketches, electronic models, diagrams, and other visual formats
  • Utilizes technologies in development of three dimensional models of electrical systems
  • Provides guidance, training, and mentorship for junior engineers/EITs
  • Prepares and revises documentation in various phases of design and construction, including plans, diagrams, and details
  • Leads project coordination meetings with internal team members and/or external consultants, owner and contractor, sub-contractors, and vendors
  • Participates in client project requirement meetings and value analysis and basic cost estimating
  • Assists Senior Engineers with developing and managing the project scope, budget, staffing, and schedule
  • May lead the preparation and coordination of the project specifications with construction documents
  • Performs and oversees the performance of calculations using company standard software, and proprietary manufacturer software
  • Utilizes advanced techniques for the analysis of specialized electrical elements
  • Participates in constructability reviews
  • Conducts quality assurance and implements quality control frameworks on own projects
  • Assists in the development of new standards and specifications for the electrical group
  • Works on multiple projects
  • Conducts field reviews to assess as-built conditions
  • Provides construction phase services, responds to RFIs, reviews shop drawings, and conducts reviews of construction for general conformance with design

Your capabilities and credentials

  • Requisite knowledge and application of electrical and building codes
  • General understanding of all phases of project, document production, and the relationship between drawings and specifications, particularly in the water/wastewater industry
  • Strong knowledge of electrical systems, means and methods, materials, and industry standards
  • Ability to check the work of others for accuracy and completeness and manage time to meet project budget and schedule
  • Ability to participate and collaborate in project team setting and to engage in creative and critical thought
  • Thorough understanding of electrical engineering concepts and ability to effectively communicate ideas to others
  • Advanced oral and written communication skills
  • Presentation and interview skills are preferred
  • Well-versed understanding of Microsoft Offi Project Accountant Project Accountant (2200020F)

Sample Interview Questions

  • What is the role of an electrical engineer?
  • Why do you want to work for our company?
  • What are your long-term career goals?
  • What are the most important skills an electrical engineer should have?
  • Which electrical engineering software programs have you worked with?
  • What is the best thing about working as an electrical engineer?
  • What were your responsibilities in your last position?
  • Have you specialized in any particular area of electrical engineering?
  • What was the most successful project you have worked on? 
  • Can you describe a situation in which you made a mistake while working on an electrical engineering project? How did you resolve it?
  • What do the different colors on wires symbolize?
  • What is the difference between a generator and an alternator?
  • Why might a transformer make a humming sound?
  • Which different kinds of cables are used for transmissions?
  • How do you select a wire size for a new project?
  • What are the main types of electric current?
  • What are inductance and capacitance?
  • How would you deal with discord on your team?
  • What is an RLC circuit?
  • What does reverse polarity mean, and how can it be fixed?

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