Electrical EngineerJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends
Electrical engineers develop and test electronic products and systems for consumer goods like electronic gadgets and appliances to large-scale electrical power systems. They use principles of electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism to develop electrical systems. An electrical engineer can work in multiple industries, including telecommunications, manufacturing, energy, the automotive industry, the military, aerospace, and more. In addition to possessing experience and skills in engineering, electrical engineers must also be well-versed in the use of computer-assisted design software.
Electrical engineer candidates should have skills in science, math, communication, teamwork, analytical problem-solving, and critical thinking. Most electrical engineers specialize in a particular area of expertise, such as signal processing, power engineering, or micro-electronics. In addition to designing and testing systems, electrical engineers conduct risk assessments and make sure products comply with safety standards and electrical engineering codes. They also create new applications.
Sample job description #1
Design, implement, and maintain complex industrial and commercial electrical systems.
Duties and responsibilities
Lead the electrical design for the facility’s capital projects
Provide technical support to plant’s I/E maintenance group
Perform breaker coordination/fault tolerance
Perform short circuit analysis
Perform arch flash calculations
Determine motor specification and sizing of electrical starters
Design and modification of lighting systems
Required skills and abilities
In depth knowledge of and experience designing industrial electrical systems
Excellent verbal and written communication skills
Excellent interpersonal and customer service skills to effectively interface with production groups
Excellent organizational skills and attention to detail
Excellent time management skills with a proven ability to meet deadlines
Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
Ability to prioritize tasks and to delegate them when appropriate
Ability to function well in a high-paced and at times stressful environment
Proficiency with Microsoft Office Suite (specifically Project), AutoCAD, EasyPower, or related software preferred
Education and experience
Bachelor’s in Electrical Engineering and 5+ years of experience in industrial power or equivalent combination of experience and education
Sample job description #2
We are growing and looking for talented individuals in the industry to join our team. This is a perfect opportunity for a highly-motivated, hands-on individual to work on a project team with other electrical engineers engaged in the planning, design, upgrade, and modification of large electrical projects.
Ability to Self-Perform Coordination Studies (Arc Flash, Short Circuit, and Coordination Studies) on Power Distribution Systems using SKM and/or ETAP
Train new hires as needed to develop staff to support Study needs
Review current study process and work toward improving the study process
Present Coordination Study to Clients
Work toward early gear release deadlines
Project workload of self and study team to foresee staffing needs
These statements are intended to describe the general nature and scope of work being performed by an Electrical Engineer. This is not a complete listing of all responsibilities, duties and/or skills required. Additional responsibilities may also be assigned
Mainly office but may also include all other work environments as required: sit, stand, talk, hear, use hands and fingers to operate a computer keyboard and telephone
Work is generally performed in climate-controlled office environment
Primary environment: ambient room temperatures, lighting, and traditional office equipment as found in a typical office environment
Considerable time is spent at a desk using a computer terminal
May on occasion be exposed to loud sounds and distracting noise levels, such as from office equipment
Can be exposed to hazardous materials, loud noises, and extreme heat/cold temperatures, if visiting job sites or other off-site events
Can be exposed to Heavy Equipment, slippery surfaces, or uneven footing on the jobsite
Moderate noise (i.e. business office with computers, phone, and printers, light foot traffic)
A Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering is a plus, but not a requirement
2+ years of Engineering Study experience is required
2+ years of using Study Software (SKM and/or ETAP)
Ability to manage workload and meet project deadlines
Able to identify, analyze, and solve problems
Strong oral and written communication skills
Able to work independently and as part of a team
Job related technical knowledge necessary to complete the job
Ability to work in a time-conscious and time-effective manner
Strong computer software skills including MS Office (particularly Excel)
Sample job description #3
You will be responsible for applying engineering knowledge, concepts, and experience to size, evaluate, select, and specify electrical power, lighting, and auxiliary systems for use on assigned projects in accordance with relevant codes and standards. You will perform a variety of tasks which may include conducting field investigations, preparing design calculations, developing construction packages (drawings and specifications), and contributing to business development activities.
Your key responsibilities
Acts as Engineer-of-Record for projects and/or project components within areas of professional competency
Evaluates, selects, specifies, and engineers all electrical engineered systems or products for a project
Engages in the development of a design through sketches, electronic models, diagrams, and other visual formats
Utilizes technologies in development of three dimensional models of electrical systems
Provides guidance, training, and mentorship for junior engineers/EITs
Prepares and revises documentation in various phases of design and construction, including plans, diagrams, and details
Leads project coordination meetings with internal team members and/or external consultants, owner and contractor, sub-contractors, and vendors
Participates in client project requirement meetings and value analysis and basic cost estimating
Assists Senior Engineers with developing and managing the project scope, budget, staffing, and schedule
May lead the preparation and coordination of the project specifications with construction documents
Performs and oversees the performance of calculations using company standard software, and proprietary manufacturer software
Utilizes advanced techniques for the analysis of specialized electrical elements
Participates in constructability reviews
Conducts quality assurance and implements quality control frameworks on own projects
Assists in the development of new standards and specifications for the electrical group
Works on multiple projects
Conducts field reviews to assess as-built conditions
Provides construction phase services, responds to RFIs, reviews shop drawings, and conducts reviews of construction for general conformance with design
Your capabilities and credentials
Requisite knowledge and application of electrical and building codes
General understanding of all phases of project, document production, and the relationship between drawings and specifications, particularly in the water/wastewater industry
Strong knowledge of electrical systems, means and methods, materials, and industry standards
Ability to check the work of others for accuracy and completeness and manage time to meet project budget and schedule
Ability to participate and collaborate in project team setting and to engage in creative and critical thought
Thorough understanding of electrical engineering concepts and ability to effectively communicate ideas to others
Advanced oral and written communication skills
Presentation and interview skills are preferred
Well-versed understanding of Microsoft Offi Project Accountant Project Accountant (2200020F)
Average salary and compensation
The average salary for an electrical engineer is $101,800 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.
Los Angeles, California
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
New York City, New York
Sample interview questions
What is the role of an electrical engineer?
Why do you want to work for our company?
What are your long-term career goals?
What are the most important skills an electrical engineer should have?
Which electrical engineering software programs have you worked with?
What is the best thing about working as an electrical engineer?
What were your responsibilities in your last position?
Have you specialized in any particular area of electrical engineering?
What was the most successful project you have worked on?
Can you describe a situation in which you made a mistake while working on an electrical engineering project? How did you resolve it?
What do the different colors on wires symbolize?
What is the difference between a generator and an alternator?
Why might a transformer make a humming sound?
Which different kinds of cables are used for transmissions?
How do you select a wire size for a new project?
What are the main types of electric current?
What are inductance and capacitance?
How would you deal with discord on your team?
What is an RLC circuit?
What does reverse polarity mean, and how can it be fixed?
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