Medical CoderJob Description, Salary, Career Path, and Trends

Medical coders transcribe patients’ records into universal medical codes that allow them to process claims for reimbursement from providers in accordance with agreements. A medical coder should know a wide range of codes, including Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS), and International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision Clinical Modification (ICD-10 CM). They must use sound judgment to ensure the codes are assigned correctly and according to government and insurance regulations. 

Medical coders must ensure medical records are filed and processed correctly. They need a keen eye for detail and good analytical skills. Proficiency with computers and coding software is required. They also need exceptional verbal and written communication skills and must be well organized. It is important that medical coders use discretion and maintain confidentiality as they handle sensitive patient information. Medical coders work at hospitals, clinics, and doctor’s offices. They must be self-starters and able to work independently.

Sample job description #1

Position function

Under the direction of the Coding Manager, functions as a coder for the Health Information Management Department to collect and classify diagnostic, procedural, and patient information from physicians and medical records. This position has the option to work remotely.

Education, qualifications and standards:

  • Certified Coding Specialist (CCS) with at least one year of acute care coding experience
  • OR a Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) with at least one year of acute care coding experience
  • OR a Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT) with at least one year of acute care coding experience
  • OR a Certified Coding Associate (CCA) with at least two years of acute care coding experience
  • OR a Certified Professional Coder/Hospital (CPCH) with at least two years of acute care coding experience
  • OR a Bachelors Degree with at least one year of acute care coding experience
  • OR an Associate Degree with at least one year of acute care coding experience
  • OR a High School Diploma with at least three years of acute care coding experience
  • AND must score 80% or higher on the HIM Coding Screening competency.ICD-10, CPT-4, Medical Spelling, and Med Term Prefixes


Experience applying customer service behaviors and communication skills required. See above Education section for requirements.

Sample job description #2

Job summary and qualifications

As a Medical Coder, you will contribute to the company’s mission and vision by reviewing medical record documentation. You will apply appropriate coding based upon the diagnosis and procedure guidelines for code selections that adhere to the company’s Coding Compliance Policies and Procedures.

What you will do in this role

  • You will code outpatient surgery center(s) records in a timely manner, including the assignment of ICD-10-CM, E/M, Procedure Categories, and HCPCS/CPT procedure codes
  • You will code an average of 80-150 charts per day
  • You are responsible for resolving codes and diagnosis with conflicting or unclear information by utilizing the query tool to gather additional information
  • You will ensure 3M encoder updates are timely and accurate
  • You will bill cases by furnishing completed assessments of billing supplies and implants
  • You will be assisting with preparation for accrediting bodies and/or state reviews
  • You are responsible for reviewing official data quality standards, coding guidelines, company policies and procedures, and clinical resources to assure coding knowledge and skills remain current

Qualifications you will need

  • Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT) or Registered Health Information Administrators (RHIA) college degree preferred
  • Minimum (2) years experience in outpatient coding and/or Health Information Management required
  • Minimum (1) year of experience in a medical office setting highly preferred (i.e. ambulatory surgery center, hospital, doctors office)
  • Completed coursework in Human Anatomy & Physiology, Medical Terminology, Introduction to Coding (including ICD-10 and CPT) preferred
  • Successful completion of an ICD-10-CM training or certification curriculum; or if currently pursuing such, then completion of 50% or more of the curriculum to date with an expectation of finishing within 2 months after hire
  • Must provide certification from a recognized professional coding organization, transcript from an educational institution, or similar proof of successful completion (i.e., competency assessments)

Sample job description #3

A healthcare network in (City) is looking to add a new Medical Coder for a promising opportunity with their team in (City). In this role, the Medical Coder will be responsible for supporting medical professional corporation procedural and diagnostic coding of medical records for billing.


  • Works with professional and non-professional staff for timely record review and ensuring accuracy of medical documentation and sequencing ensuring that codes meet required legal and insurance rules
  • Works with internal and external billing staff to ensure timely and complete billing of claims and encounters
  • Collaborates and corresponds with insurance companies and healthcare professionals to resolve claim denials
  • Maintains medical records both electronically and hard copies and maintains productivity and chart metrics
  • Collaborates with management staff for process improvement, project work, etc.
  • Performs compliance audits regarding billing, procedural and diagnostic coding to ensure documentation is accurate and timely
  • Submits statistical data for analysis and research by other departments
  • Performs other duties, as needed


  • 1+ year of Medical Record Coding & Record Review experience
  • Associate’s Degree
  • Certified as Professional Coder (CPC or CSS-P)
  • ICD-10 certified, knowledge and experience in CPT codes required
  • Proficiency with Electronic Medical Records (EMR) or Electronic Health Record (EHR) required
  • Medical terminology and coding both ICD-9 and ICD-10, CPT
  • Experience in Internal and External Audits
  • Knowledge of Billing Cycle
  • Microsoft Office Suite proficient
  • Solid problem solving and time management skills
  • Great interpersonal skills
  • Excellent communication skills (written and verbal)
  • Strong attention to detail
  • Highly organized

Desired skills:

  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • Certified Risk Adjustment Coder (CRC)
  • Experience working within a Managed Care Health Organization and Outpatient Medical practice

Average salary and compensation

The average salary for a medical coders is $43,500 in the United States. Position salary will vary based on experience, education, company size, industry, and market.

LocationSalary LowSalary High
Phoenix, Arizona$43,250$87,950
Los Angeles, California$48,800$66,000
Denver, Colorado$40,650$55,000
Washington, DC$49,550$67,050
Miami, Florida$40,450$54,750
Orlando, Florida$37,350$50,250
Tampa, Florida$37,700$51,000
Atlanta, Georgia$39,550$53,500
Chicago, Illinois$45,450$61,500
Boston, Massachusetts$49,150$66,550
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota$39,150$53,000
New York City, New York$51,750$70,000
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania$42,150$57,000
Dallas, Texas$41,050$55,500
Houston, Texas$40,850$55,250
Seattle, Washington$47,300$64,000
National Average$39,950$50,000

Sample interview questions

  • How do you stay up to date with the latest medical coding techniques and policies?
  • What is your typing speed, and would you say you are an accurate typist?
  • Do you have any relevant degrees or certifications in the medical coding field?
  • What are some medical code sets you are the most comfortable with, and which sets have you trained to use?
  • How would you explain a medical billing code?
  • How do you ensure that the data you enter is entered quickly and effectively?
  • Are you familiar with anatomy, and did you take any anatomy courses in the process of your schooling?

Medical Coder Jobs in Ashburn

    Loading RSS Feed

Need help hiring a Medical Coder?

We match top professionals with great employers across the country. Your next career move or star employee is just around the corner. Review our career content and advice, browse our latest job openings, or email us your resume. We look forward to connecting with you soon!

Browse A-Z Job Descriptions