Home Health Aide Job Descriptions, Average Salary, Interview Questions

What Does a Home Health Aide Do?

A home health aide provides patients with basic medical care and support services in the comfort of their own homes. A personal care assistant works under the supervision of a nurse or other healthcare provider and may assist with cooking, meal preparation, medication management, basic medical care, housekeeping, transportation, and companionship. Home health aides play an essential role in helping patients who are unable to perform daily tasks on their own live safely and comfortably at home.

Depending on the patient’s needs and the organization, their responsibilities may vary. In addition to private homes and hospitals, they may work in long-term care facilities as well. Aside from providing essential care, home health aides also provide companionship, engaging patients in conversation and other activities that promote social interaction. By providing care at home, home health aides allow patients to remain comfortable and familiar while receiving the care they need.

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National Average Salary

Home health aide salaries vary by experience, industry, organization size, and geography. To explore salary ranges by local market, please visit our sister site zengig.com.

The average U.S. salary for a Home Health Aide is:


Home Health Aide Job Descriptions

When it comes to recruiting a home health aide, having the right job description can make a big difference. Here are some real world job descriptions you can use as templates for your next opening.

Example 1

[Your Company Name] is the preferred partner for families seeking to empower their loved ones. Our goal is not just to save lives, but to improve the quality of life in the process. As an ideal candidate, you must be driven and passionate about the idea of helping people. Experience with caregiving, retirement homes and housekeeping is a plus. Medical training and experience as an RN, hospice care or related field is a big plus.

Typical duties and responsibilities

  • Meal preparation
  • Aiding clients with mobility
  • Cleaning and dressing of clients
  • Transportation
  • Housekeeping
  • Providing companionship
  • Monitoring and documenting health
  • Overseeing and training of the patient’s family members/friends

Education and experience

  • High school diploma/GED
  • Must potentially pass a competency test
  • Must possess state certification requirements (requirements vary by state)

Required skills and qualifications

  • Up-to-date CPR certification
  • Valid driver’s license and dependable vehicle
  • Effective communication, both verbal and written
  • Solid attention to detail
  • High levels of compassion, empathy, and patience
  • Ability to teach others how to perform tasks
  • High school diploma or GED
  • Must be able to lift and support another person and stand for many hours a day

Preferred qualifications

  • Bachelor’s degree
  • At least 1 year of experience as a hospice care, home care, or healthcare provider
  • Experience dealing with near end-of-life conversations
  • Experience teaching or training others
  • Experience in prioritizing and understanding the lifecycle of documentation from pre-release through ongoing maintenance

Example 2

We are looking for a compassionate Certified Healthcare Home Health Aide (CHHHA) to provide assistance in daily living and personal care services in patients homes in accordance with an established care plan.


  • Provide health care services in patients residences
  • Perform domestic and household tasks
  • Transport and accompany patients to doctors office or to hospital
  • Administer simple prescribed medications
  • Assist with clients personal care activities
  • Monitor patients (vital signs, temperature, respiration, etc) and report on their condition
  • Maintain patients care records and document provided services
  • Assist patients with mobility and physical therapies/exercises
  • Instruct and counsel patients and families on diet and exercise
  • Collect routine specimens
  • Provide companionship and basic emotional or psychological support


  • Certification to practice as an Aide in state of NJ (CHHHA Cert)
  • Ability to monitor vital signs and to collect specimens
  • Familiarity with basic nutrition and personal hygiene standards
  • Proficiency in English
  • Nursing and health care administration skills
  • Caring and compassionate personality
  • Current CPR certificate
  • First Aid training
  • Valid driver’s license
  • High school degree

Example 3


  • Provides direct patient care to patient under direction of the RN and according to the Aide Plan of Care (POC).
  • Correctly assists the patient with self-administered medications by opening bottle caps for the patient, reading medication labels to the patient, checking the dose being self-administered against the prescribed dose on the container label, and observing the patient takes the medication
  • Consistently takes accurate temperature, pulse, and blood pressure measurements and recognizes and reports abnormal results to supervisor
  • Helps patient maintain good personal hygiene by performing or supervising bathing, grooming, skin care, shaving, oral care, nail/foot care, and other activities
  • Assists in feeding patients. Is able to communicate basic principles of nutrition, observe, and record food and fluid intake when necessary. Safely positions patient for meals and feeds or assists in self feeding
  • Assists with patient toileting including use of bed pan/urinal, change, and position catheter bags and bag change procedures on well-regulated ostomies
  • Provides necessary skills to safely assist the patient with patient mobility, exercises, positioning/turning, transfers, and ambulation per Plan of Care and Kindred at Home policy
  • Provides necessary skills to appropriately report changes and document pertinent information and care rendered to patient to ensure continuity of care. Documents interactions with patients, caregivers, doctors, and other staff members appropriately, legibly, thoroughly, and in the amount of time allowed
  • Practice acceptable infection control principles. Provide a clean, safe, and comfortable environment
  • Willingly assists with other household duties including light laundry, bed changing and bed making, light meal preparation, light housekeeping, and shopping (if no other assistance is available and an MD order is present)

Required experience and skills

  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Completion of Certified Nursing Assistant or Certified Home Health Aide Program within the last 24 months
  • Must meet applicable state certification requirements
  • Must be in good standing on the HHA Registry (if applicable) and have completed HHA/CNA course to work for a Medicare certified agency
  • At least one year experience in the last 24 months as a Home Health Aide or Certified Nursing Assistant in a hospital, nursing home, or home health/hospice agency

Example 4

Provides personal care and related services in the home. Functions under direct instruction and supervision of an RN or therapist coordinating patient care.


  • Follows written instructions for patients care as prepared by an RN, PT, OT, or SLP Therapist
  • Provide and assists patients with personal care (which may include lifting, positioning, turning and transferring patients without assistance) to preserve good personal hygiene while maintaining a healthful, safe environment
  • Performs simple procedures as an extension of therapy services, such as ambulation, ROM, and exercise only as prescribed by the PT or OT
  • Reports changes in patient’s condition and needs to Clinical Supervisor, RN, PT, or OT
  • Completes and maintains electronic record of services performed and of observed status of patient
  • Establishes and maintains appropriate rapport with the patient and family
  • Participates in patient care conferences to provide input regarding observed patient health and environmental conditions
  • Perform household services as identified in the plan of care
  • Practices infection control and universal precautions for self and others in patient care activities
  • Maintains annual CHHA Certification and compliance education


  • Effective communication skills (verbal and written)
  • Ability to prioritize and critically think (Scheduling and prepare for visits)
  • Organizational skills, time management (Scheduling and prepare for visits)
  • Ability to handle the demands of the job
  • Flexibility to adapt to new and changing situations
  • Demonstrates customer service skills
  • Reliable transportation


Coursework/Training – Graduate of a Certified Home Health Aide training program

Licenses and certifications

  • Current Home Health Aide Certification
  • Valid CA Driver’s License
  • Auto insurance

Candidate Certification to Look For

Nurse Aide Registry

As an HHA, candidates will need a minimum of 75 hours of class at a state-accredited institution with 16 hours of clinical work or possess reciprocal treatment from another state that is similarly compliant.

Sample Interview Questions

  • Can you tell me about your experiences and skills that make you a good home health aide?
  • How do you ensure comfort and dignity for patients when providing personal care?
  • If you assist with mobility or transfer a patient, how do you ensure their safety?
  • How do you ensure patients take medications as prescribed? What is your experience with medication management?
  • What strategies do you use to build trust and rapport with patients and their families?
  • When was the last time you had to adjust to a new patient care situation or work environment, and how did you ensure the safety and comfort of the patient?
  • In your opinion, what are the most important qualities of a home health aide, and how do you ensure that you meet those qualities in your work?
  • When working with patients who may be resistant to receiving assistance or care, how do you approach the situation?
  • What is your experience in housekeeping duties, and how do you ensure that patients live in a healthy and safe environment?

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